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Martiners are being left behind in the overall development of their own country? An interesting case in point. Our plans to start a St. Martin nation building television program with a broad-based, multi-ethnic input is not yet understood by some of our people. Would they prefer to wait until some-else takes the initiative to produce- and host such a program and perhaps even leave St. Martiners out, so that once more they will be on the outside complaining?

Or would they assume their morally legitimate role as HOST of this country and be the one doing the inviting, selecting and setting the rules of engagement? Our Grassroots movement is not going to belong to the group of St. In ending we call on all conscious St. Martin mindful of our past and being aware of the great foundation laid and invaluable contributions made by our historians. Create a culture of bold, intelligent imagination and force Father time to work to keep up with your powerful vision.

One love,. Leopold James, President St. Seems like — once more — the role of outside investors in re-creating- and re-designing the very face of our country is becoming evident to many St. In addition — it seems that our St. Martin people are increasingly realizing that they may be left out of the picture Our grassroots movement is not one of those now expressing wonderment and surprise and shock How come?

Well, it goes like this. We did not wait until that reality smack in our faces We did not wait to re-act We were pro-active in a timely fashion The record speaks for itself. Martiners willing to be pro-active, creative and bold Martin image.

My motivation to those present to start taking initiatives at the time was the following. The best time to invest in Marigot is NOW — when it seems abandoned and no-one seems interested. I strongly cautioned, that if we waited only to RE-ACT — others would then have the upper hand and it would be much more difficult for us native St.

During one of those meetings, I shared some creative ideas in terms of us as natives making a proposal to the Collectivity for the overall revitalization plans of Marigot. Because Mr. And with that — we never saw what Mr. Whit ever achieved towards that goal of preparing a project on how to re-vitalize Marigot to be presented to those relevant authorities. Below listed are some events with dates for the record. Must confirm exact date. October 8, In email to Mr.

Others also received that email October 12, ; Grassroots meeting reminding group of the importance for presenting project to re-vitalize Marigot. October 17, ; Letter sent by Leopold James to Mr. Martin pertaining to our willingness- and readiness to participate in planning for the revival of Marigot.

Of course we never got any response On December 2, in a meeting with Vice-president Mr. Wendell Cocks, Mr. Cocks promised to get back to us — we are still waiting. In ending. A people without a vision is lost. Reacting based on entitlement only when faced with an imminent situation might not be the best way for people to survive in this our very competitive society and world.

Martin families, who have historically built Marigot. Failing to do such is a HUGE risk not worth taking. Martin without native, indigenous St. Martiners at the very core As far as our St. Martin Grassroots People Movement is concerned — we lend our support to people like Daniella Jeffry, Aline Choisie, Jules Charville and all others who are expressing the sentiments of the majority of the St.

Martin people to go back to the drawing board and to make sure that it will be the St. Martiners whose voice will be the one counting most. At the same time we once more implore on St. Martiners to stop using entitlement to progress.

Progress also requires developing a strong sense of personal responsibility, being pro-active as well as other qualities. If we do not play our role — should we then blame others for the opportunities and chances they see us neglecting? Leopold James President St. I do not think that the establishing of this Committee is "bad for business" unless it is the business of nepotism and corruption that have plagued us for the last 25 years. I also believe that some of the comments made by many members of Parliament misrepresent what is actually in the document.

I am not saying they are lying but they are taking a very extreme view of what powers the Committee actually have. MP William Marlin in his comments stated that a simple relationship with a Minister or MP can disqualify you from a contract or job, which according to me is really stretching the meaning of the document. Article 1 specifically states what aspects the Committee can look at. It does not look like a baseless witch-hunt in my opinion. I think that this should be valid for private citizens but once you put yourself in the public office this rule should not apply to you.

I must mention that I do agree with the UP that in the first instance the advice from the IC should NOT be binding but in the case that the Ministers of Parliament do not act on the advice, it should after a specific period of time become binding. In practice this is however not the case, Government continuously does whatever it wants with decisions and especially with the Government owned companies and other semi-private organizations.

Article 21 clearly states that the IC before making any advice has to first do a preliminary investigation and in this preliminary investigation they will check a. The professionalism, consistency, completeness, independence and impartiality of the investigation; c. The way external experts can be used if the knowledge does not exist in the IC. So there is a specific process that needs to be followed, a witch hunt is very difficult if these rules are followed.

Article 22 states that once the investigation is complete the IC has to report to the Prime Minister and the Prime Minister then reports to the Governor. Article 23 establishes the secrecy of the investigation which protects those being investigated in case nothing is found that they are not wrongly affected by being investigated.

Article 24 is to me a strange article because even though the advice of the IC is binding, the Council of Ministers have 4 weeks to respond as to how they will remedy the situation. Sub 2 of this article states that if the COM disagrees with the advice they have to motivate this in writing within the 4 weeks. In conclusion, I must say that with the small changes I mentioned above had I been a Member of Parliament I would have to vote for this motion.

Why would they feel this way? Who I think should definitely vote for an amended motion are the ones whose names come up in rumors of serious wrongdoings in the form of using their positions for personal benefit and the benefit of their friends and family. I would think they would want to clear their name.

At least that is what I will be thinking. The young man in question - by all accounts - is a very friendly, respectful, professional individual hailing from an equally respected, proud and conscious traditional St. Martin family. It is not the first time St. Martiners have endured extremely negative, and humiliating experiences with members of the Gendarme.

In fact - many people experience the general attitude of the gendarme vis a vis Black people as if it were some occupational force, having absolutely no respect or regards for them. As such, we too express our dissatisfaction and condemnation with the way the young St. Martiner was treated, after it became clear that he had his ID-card in his possession, which was the reason in the first place for him being pulled off the bus he was traveling in as passenger.

It appears that when first asked by the authorities for his ID, the young man thought that he did not have that document on him, there and then. Consequently - he felt that saying that he was a St. Martiner would have sufficed the request of the immigration - officer — it clearly did not. We will not elaborate on the wisdom of his assumption and of him then trying to leave the scene. Unfortunately — the situation escalated, the Gendarmes were called to the scene, the young man was roughly hand-cuffed and taken into a holding cell for a number of hours.

This all led to a small blockade by supports of the young men and of his subsequent release. Thank God, it did not end worse. But, we believe we all should try to learn from every experience. What our Grassroots Movement thinks is more important than being led by emotions, is is that we educate our young people to make sure to walk behind the law when such is required. Trying to take for granted that the Gendarme has to accept them saying they are St.

Especially in a society where crime, illegal immigration and even terrorism are factors — this should not even be a discussion. But, guess what? Therefore - instead of encouraging our youth to use KAMIKAZE as a means to fight injustice as a first option is not something we would do, because it sets them up to get hurt or worse. We would advise people in general in such case when one does not have the required document at hand, to start by humbling one-self and acknowledge such.

Also, politely ask if the officer would allow you the opportunity to - for instance make a call to some-one at your home to see if that document can be brought to the site. Whatever the case- do NOT argue when you are wrong. That will be just exactly up the alley, if the officer already has a prejudiced mindset. Better yet perhaps. It is time, that all Police- and Gendarme cars are equipped with computerized systems hooked up to a data-bank containing information on residency, outstanding taxes, crime-record — you name it.

This way, in the case some-one is pulled over by law-enforcement and they do not have certain documents — the on-board computer can easily and quickly verify the status of the person. So, instead of blocking roads and using other, in-effective, outdated means of protest, our St. Therefore - we hereby offer those in authority this concrete proposal to prevent unnecessary confrontations on the island. We are prepared to meet with all relevant authorities to thrash out many contentions within our society.

In ending — another alternative as opposed to simply emotion-laden reactions. Martiner on the island. By sticking to shadow boxing - or by venturing into 'full body contact' at a given point in time? There are those, who fight for a noble cause - a just cause - a very legitimate cause Week-in, week-out It is so interesting to hear how they try to convince each other of how they are winning the fight Alas — only they believe they are winning - or at least they try hard to convince themselves, that they believe it And then there is another set of 'soldiers' out there, fighting that same, noble cause, that same just- and very legitimate cause Of course - the risk of getting licks and seriously beaten up is real — but then again — so is also a victory under these circumstances — for real Case in point.

The St. Martin Grassroots People Movement is more than ready, prepared and eager to champion the cause of St. Martin nation building - not by excluding others, not by shadow-boxing — but through direct, honest and critically constructive engagement with others. We therefore look forward to our new St.

Martin nation building television program, in which we will promote the participation of people representing all ethnic communities on the island. Only mature people- and nations, are able to sit around the table with others with whom there might be issues. It is not about liking- or not liking each other — it is about forward thinking Martin nation building with all ethnic communities on the island and taking a lead role in the process.

But - if they ever manage to see the light — there will be a very legitimate role for them to play in our new program - alongside all other stakeholders in the ring. Until such time — the St. Martin Grassroots People Movement will forge ahead towards inclusion of all non-native St. Martiners, who have a LEGAL status on the island and who are of an added value and are willing to sign a pledge of allegiance in which reciprocity toward St.

Martin is a condition sine qua non. One love, Leopold James President of the St. Martin Grassroots People Movement — the inclusive. Trying to turn back the hands of the clock — or forcing the clock to keep up? Granted — most people often react — yes — after the fact Specifically — once they are personally affected Granted too — they also come into action, once they realize, they had conveniently- and opportunistically ignored the many warning signs and — the messengers of the message, back in the day Granted alas — in panic they now resort to attempting to stop and to turn back the hands of the clock To be clear — the St.

Martin Grassroots People Movement is not in the business of turning back the hands of the clock — any clock Nor are we in the business of living in denial of the hardcore reality of life. And certainly — we have no intention to getting — and wallowing in the business of self-pity, structural complaining and blaming — we respectfully leave that up to those who excel in that field AHEAD of the clock.

In our thinking — it is the hand of the CLOCK that will do the catching up with us and certainly not us trying to desperately hang on and to stop the hands of the clock What about creative —intelligence? Out-of-the-box thinking? Pro-actively thinking? Who knows? No- not us -we have already planned the provisions for it — ahead of its arrival. So, when it comes — it fills our catchment-systems, flows through our elaborate network of canals, runs over of bridges, turns our turbines and generates energy, other valuable substances and services.

Consequently, while there are those, who oppose our actions to hand out St. Martin ID-cards to non-native St. And just for the record. Martiner can only qualify for our card, once at least two criteria have been met. So, without at least a legal status — such a person can not even qualify for our card. As far as anyone having genuine-, legitimate- and constructive — even hard-core criticism on any part of our policies, actions etc. And in ending. As far as those St. Martiners, who just woke up out of eternal mental hibernation and are now desperate to survive —point well taken — but the St.

Martin Grassroots People Movement did not hibernate, when it was freezing cold winter — we were providing for the spring. Consequently, we are not now with a sense of panic and un-deserved feeling of entitlement trying in vain to stop the hands of the clock, like many others. Thanks, but no thanks - no station passee - WE are way ahead of the clock whose hands they are trying to stop now.

Good luck. Leopold James, President of the St. I get that However in doing so, he engages in political Hocus Pocus, a phenomenon that sadly has become typical of St. Maarten politricks. I didn't get a measly votes as he wants the readers to believe I got votes! Unfortunately these votes ended up contributing to that other not-so-honorable MP getting a four plus two year almost Fls.

But that's a whole other chapter. Can President Nick say the same about the Frans-Richardson-votes he brags about? It is a public secret how some of our "Honorable" MP's got "elected". Let's see what what kind of Democracy we will get in I continue to have faith in the voters of St. Maarten in spite of the other voters who post last year's election guaranteed me they too had voted for me!

With these words, Statia Commissioner of Finance Astrid McKenzie-Tatem stormed out of her meeting with the Dutch Government because of the imposition of higher financial supervision. It was all rather reminiscent of a Miss Piggy fight with Kermit the frog!

However, whereas the Muppets are puppets and we expect them to behave like puppets, politicians are not. But they do have a political stage. How you say something and how you do something is just as important as what you say and what you do. In the case of our new commissioner of Finance, she has done very little. The prospect of a significant budget overrun was evident by the second quarter of last year.

To plug the hole in her finances, she should have implemented the harbor ordinance immediately and taken steps to get rid of government waste. Brotherly love What did she do? She got rid of her non-local finance director and gave the keys of the Government safe to her brother! And that without advertising the position or asking approval of the Kingdom Representative. Her brother has now been discharged of this illegal appointment. Yes in total disgrace! Good thinking Astrid!

Bad behavior! Perception is reality. She should have stayed in The Hague to listen and learn. Any Agony Aunt will tell you that when you walk out of a relationship unless abusive make sure you do not need that relationship. By running away from her Dutch government partners to occupy the first business class airline seat she can find, her behavior is noted. It will be the last business class seat she enjoys. All business class travel has now been stopped by the Island Secretary.

She has demonstrated that she is not an equal partner and has deserted a few important issues. There is for example, the matter of delaying a two per cent hike in the sales tax per January next year. What steps are the Dutch government taking as shareholders of Winair to reduce the cost of air tickets? How can the local government promote private and public investment on the Historical Gem?

What economic synergies can be derived by working closer with the governments of Saba and Bonaire? My list is endless but her patience clearly was not. Not a good example of representing the people of this island! We can excuse Miss Piggy for her glamour and pretentions. How should we excuse McKenzie-Tatem? Very difficult. His bursts of racial rhetoric have not been well received by The Hague. In the Netherlands, his remarks are rightfully illegal. But behaving badly is what Commandant Van Putten does well.

His voters may have forgotten the fiasco of dipping into government coffers for USD 35, to send a family member to Venezuela for health treatment. That money has still not been repaid. Then there is the matter of community commissions paid by NuStar to promote a new oil terminal in the middle of the island. And what about the land ear-marked for a new prison but given over to his brother for his cows to graze?

Reputation is a rare commodity. As PLP leader, Van Putten should have coached his Finance Commissioner to do the responsible thing and hang in there and not send her back to Statia as he did. Statia needs open government, vision and financial responsibility.

Not a culture of favors. That behavior belongs to the last century. How could the Finance Commissioner step onto that flight to Schiphol knowing that she had, in one act of nepotism, put the reputation of her party, leader, Executive Council, Island Council and that of the whole island in jeopardy?

The DP party of St. Eustatius will no doubt move a motion of no confidence at the next Island Council Meeting. Dishonest politicians always cover their backs and the motion will be defeated. McKenzie should now do the honorable thing and resign. Her salary at the tax office is far more interesting than the pressure of political responsibility. And I hope she does it wisely without any preference to family, friends and their families. Name withheld.

Here is my issue; I am a proud mother of a 16 year old girl who will be graduating this year. I am therefore preparing her to go to prom for the very first time. Back to my daughter, I know that the event is at Westin Resort as previous years and I am ecstatic. I bought her dress off island and plan to make her up myself and prepare her for what is supposed to be a classy, well put together event. So I thought, my daughter asked me permission to go to the after party to prom.

I asked her to explain and give details, allowing me to make preparations for this last minute request. I wanted to know if I heard her correctly, seemed to me that my 16 year old girl wanted to go to Tantra night club for her prom after party. Here is my issue, I am sure that Tantra night club means well but what is on the minds of the organizers to have an after party at an adult night club for teenagers.

What excuse do you have? Mind you, I said pretend, my child will be allowed in Tantra and the club will serve water to the hundreds of kids, yes kids at the wee- hours of the night. Let me paint a picture, couple of months ago Teen times, the organizers of prom, called for the legal alcohol drinking age to go from 16 to This took place in our new penal code as of June 1.

Now, they announced Prom after party at Tantra Night club. Teen Times is being anchored and headed by a responsible man, I would think Mr. Michael Granger, I appreciate the organization for organizing prom but I think this is a step back. It just makes no sense to me.

As a concerned parent, I hope I am not overreacting by saying my daughter will not be attending the after party. I would like her to go to clubs when she is the age of 18, like it should be. My issue is, Adult night club being used for a party for our teens and what will be served to them? I am not a complainer, so here are my thoughts, get a nice big location like the Bellaire Community center or any hall and do the after party for them there if you must have one. I never could understand a party and another party right after anyway.

Please consider my request. I might seem harsh but as parents, we need to look after our own. It looks like the mighty dollar sometimes gets the best of us. To the police, I do hope you will check out this after party, please be there to guide our young people, and they are all we have.

Shame on Tanra Night club for even allowing for such an event. Parents please pay attention to your kids. I will pay attention to mine! God bless St. Any other announcement is either fake or does not have our blessing. A statement from the marketing manager of Tantra Night Club Rolando Brison said that Tantra Night Club is organizing the after party for the graduates on June 28th Brison said that Tantra is opened on Sunday's during the summer and students that are under the age of 18 years old will not be allowed to enter Tantra Night Club.

Asked if alcohol will be served at the after party Brison confirmed that they will be serving alcohol as prescribed by law to persons over the age of It should be noted here that Rolando Brison is a former employee that worked for Michael Granger, he is also the marketing manager for the St. Rogers said that no request was submitted to him and he is not aware if such request was made directly to the Acting Chief Commissioner of Police Carl John.

Rogers made clear that night clubs have to abide by the law and that clubs are not allowed to entertain underage students. Henson said that so far nothing of that sort was done and he will have the CPO for that area look into the matter. In their futile- and infantile effort to dis-credit the so coveted St. Martiner, went through two screenings — at least.

WE did not bring them in. Besides — before they received a card from us - which has for now only a symbolic value — they were also screened in terms of their contributions to our island. So, if they so want to bark up a tree — any tree — not this one ok? In addition - those who feel that they should cut up the ID-card they got from us with and put that picture on Face-book — please do not threaten — DO it if that is what you want. Martin and its people. We are completely open for constructive criticism and for suggestions to make it all better.

One love. The dump aka Mount Garbage caught fire on May 2nd, and since then it has been emitting toxic smoke every day. That is well over 1 month! Like many persons living and working in the greater Philipsburg area, I have also been suffering from frequent headaches and sore throats since the big fire. Depending on the wind direction, it can affect the entire Philipsburg area. It's therefore mind-boggling but very telling that up to now, no MP has raised the issue in Parliament and earmarked it has priority number 1 as the smoke is poisoning a large part of the St.

Maarten community. Stop travelling around on our expense and start doing your jobs right here on St. How strange then that the Waste-to-Energy project has gone quiet ever since. We, the people choking on smoke daily, urgently need an update on the Waste-to-Energy plant including a plan for execution with firm deadlines.

The time to act is now. Are you ready? When a linguistic marvel like MP Frans Richardson, who has proven to be a man of super integrity, high intelligence and an unwavering conviction regarding what path to follow when it comes to the future of Country St.

Maarten, can almost single handedly decide that a man of the caliber of our present Minister of Justice Dennis Richardson has to be replaced, we know that we live in a true democracy! Never mind that there are those - who in vain try to plagiarize the name — they can only fool themselves. The following is an update of recent developments on the island dealing with nation building in general.

Martin Grassroots People Movement becoming one of increased importance and attraction — let its profile and reputation be made very clear — just for the record. Back in and two organizations were officially established — the St. Because, both organizations were intended to address and serve the best interest of ALL St. Martiners on BOTH sides of the island, as well as those in the diaspora — both were administered by the same board-members.

In addition, both organizations championed the same cause. All of this was done in order to define, recognize, protect and preserve the native-indigenous St. Martiners to come first at home and along with their cultural-heritage to form the foundation for inclusion of others in a process called the St. Martin nation building process.

Martin Grassroots People Movement. Because, as founders we realized the importance of this process, as well as the many challenges and hurdles before us, we formulated a number of very clear provisions in our articles of incorporation. One being that its members, should not be politically associated with any political party. In addition, when WE speak of St.

Martiners — we do NOT refer to race, color, creed, or religion. Therefore - our organization is against any form of racial discrimination. Also — from day one - as is formulated in our constitution and in all our documents — for us the nation building process has two main components. First of all the protection, preservation of the St.

Martin people and making sure they come first at home. For us - we realize that the nation building process as we set out to promote is not an easy one, it is very delicate, fraught with complications and can easily be distrusted by people, who might — legitimately so - feel that it is yet another political movement.

We have - from day —one vigorously maintained our political independence and neutrality and therefore under no circumstances can we allow our hard work to that end be compromised. So, while we welcome the increased interest in joining the movement, certain position in our movement can only be occupied by people who understand this critical criterion and would be willing to pledge to uphold it.

In the best interest of peace, tranquility, harmony, sustainable socio-economic growth, safety and security — we are convinced of the importance for our movement NOT exclude people based on race, or ethnicity — but to reach out, far and wide but to set clear rules, conditions such as reciprocity. Those, who want to build the St. Incroyable mais vrai! Qui sont ces gens? Ou bien nous coulerons ou bien nous survivrons. Je vous remercie. Votez pour Saint-Martin: www. Saint-Martin is once more nominated in the following categories for the 22nd World Travel Awards :.

Founded in the World Travel Awards were created to acknowledge and reward excellence in the travel, tourism and hospitality industry worldwide. It is safe to say that after 22 years, World Travel Awards is recognised globally as the hallmark of quality, with winners setting the benchmark to which all others aspire. Vote in full force for Saint-Martin: www. The Caribbean counts numerous tourist destinations, but Saint-Martin really has the ambition to distinguish itself.

The Saint-Martin Tourism Office plans to position the island as the perfect festive, smart and romantic destination. Brazilians are well-known French-lovers. They will find in Saint-Martin a little piece of France at hand, through its gastronomy and good wine. Once again, Saint-Martin has everything in its favor to please. The guest list is composed of travel agents, tour-operators, opinion leaders, and Brazilian and international press. Sommes-nous tous dupes?

Quel tourisme? Il reste encore quelques places pour vous inscrire avant le 26 juin. The St-Martin champion did a perfect race and won ahead of the best riders of Guadeloupe. He offered the league tittle to his club of Grand Case. In her own name and on behalf of the territorial council of Saint-Martin, President Hanson salutes the performance of Ludovic Turpin and the work of his coaches.

Thanks to a beautiful spirit of competition, Ludovic Turpin and his club reported this victory in Saint-Martin and have shone the colors of the island and Saint Martin cycling. Venez nombreux! You need JavaScript enabled to view it. I take note of this decision. Je vous remercie de votre attention. Sites gratuits pour les particuliers. Notre territoire accueille cette semaine une formation des archivistes Carbica association des archives antillaises , aux archives territoriales de Saint-Martin.

Nous vous en remercions. The U20 Selection will travel to Pennsylvania on July 11 for the four-day intensive basketball exposure camp. The U16 selection is scheduled to depart July Maarten youngsters with education opportunities and new experiences through travel and the sport of basketball. We must plant the seeds we want to see flourish and blossom in our future. Their experiences will stay with them for a lifetime and they will undoubtedly use them to elevate their future.

Hopefully, they will also see the need to share skills learned with their peers on St. On the scene the investigating officers learnt that two or three, possibly more persons were involved in the robbery. One robber went into the establishment while one robber stood at the entrance. At least one firearm was involved. After robbing the establishment of some jewelry they fled the scene on two motorized vehicles.

Detectives and Forensic department were on scene speaking to witnesses and collecting evidence. More details in regard to this investigation were not released by the Detective Department because of the seriousness of the case. GREAT BAY DCOMM In most parts of the world, health outcomes among boys and men continue to be substantially worse than among girls and women, yet this gender-based disparity in health has received little regional or global acknowledgement or attention from health policy-makers or health-care providers, according to the World Health Organization WHO.

That men tend to be in worse health than women has now been made clear by robust evidence from various sources. The Global Burden of Disease study led by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation in GBD study showed that throughout the period from to , women had a longer life expectancy than men. Over that year period, female life expectancy at birth increased from By , on the whole women were outliving men by an average of almost six years. Eastern Europe showed the biggest difference in life expectancy between men and women: women in the Russian Federation were outliving men by an average of In many societies, men generally enjoy more opportunities, privileges and power than women, yet these multiple advantages do not translate into better health outcomes.

What explains this gender disparity? How much more likely to die are men than women as a result of risk-taking behaviours? In , 3. For many men, excessive consumption of alcohol is linked to notions of masculinity. Of 67 risk factors and risk factor clusters identified in the GBD study, 60 were responsible for more male than female deaths and the top 10 risk factors were all more common in men. Concerted global action to reduce this burden could have a transformative social, health and economic impact.

According to the WHO, it is time to not only acknowledge the benefits of such action to men, but also to recognize and measure its potential benefits to women, children and society as a whole. Man gets stabbed in eye during fight'. The parties involved were severely under the influence of alcohol.

During the fight a year old man was stabbed in his eye with a sharp object. The victim needed to be transported to the hospital for medical assistance. The police were called and a patrol and detectives to the scene to investigate the case. An year old woman, the suspect of the stabbing, was taken into custody. She will be questioned later today by the detective department of the Police Force of Sint Maarten. She was still under the influence of alcohol.

Friday afternoon, June 26th, an armed and masked man entered a house in Backstreet. A woman and her 9 months old baby were threatened by the armed man with a gun. The man kicked the baby and the mother started a fight with the man. A next person, who was in the house but in another room, came to the rescue and the robber took off running. Nobody was injured during the fight.

The robbery was unsuccessful. A police patrol and detectives went to the scene to search for evidence. An official complaint was made up by the police who are investigating the case. On Friday afternoon June 26th on Welfare road, in the vicinity of Tropicana Casino, the Police Patrol stopped two young men, 15 and 17 years old.

The 2 men were riding on scooters of which they did not have any proof they were the official owner. The 2 youngsters were arrested as suspects of theft. Both of them were taken into custody and will be questioned. The scooters were confiscated by the police officers, who are investigating the case. The prosecutor will make a decision if and when the scooters can be returned to the rightful owners.

On Friday June 26th of, around pm, a former couple was arrested in St. Peters by police for destructing, threatening and attempted man slaughter. The couple had a fight and a lot of violence was used at the scene. A Police Patrol was called to help out and calm the situation but then the suspects became aggressive towards the police.

The police officers needed to call for assistance from their colleagues. Eventually both suspects were arrested, brought to the Police Station and questioned by Detectives. They confessed to the acts they were charged with.

After questioning the couple was sent home. An unknown man asked the owner of the car for a ride. The driver refused to give this unknown man a ride. Suddenly the suspect pulled out a sharp object, threatened the driver and forced himself into vehicle and ordered the driver to drive into the direction of Philipsburg. During the ride the suspect forced the owner of the car to get out of his own vehicle.

The police were called to the scene. The victim was taken to the police headquarters to file a complaint. The Detective Department is investigating the incident. On Saturday June 27th at approximately On the scene the investigating officers noticed that the suspect had gained access via a window on the side of the building. While the officers continued with their investigation they noticed that the suspect was still in the building. The 47 year old suspect who is well known by police was arrested on the spot and taken to the Philipsburg Police Station for questioning.

On Saturday June 27th at approximately midnight police patrols and traffic department were sent to the A. On the scene the investigating officers encountered a vehicle which had landed on its roof. The passenger of the vehicle was lightly injured and was taken to the Sint Maarten Medical Centre to be treated.

According to the traffic officer the driver was traveling at a high speed and lost control of the vehicle. The vehicle then hit the side of the hill causing the vehicle to overturn and land on its roof. As a result of the accident the vehicle was severely damaged. The Fire department was called in to assist with the clearing and cleaning of the street. Man gets stabbed in eye during fight. On Sunday afternoon, June 28th, around , a major fight took place at a residence on Middle Region Road.

The public will be shown a specialized public service announcement in the preview sections of cinema features at Caribbean Cinemas showcasing St. However due to the costs associated in showing the clip in the cinemas the Foundation struggled to have the clip aired. In world renowned wildlife photographer Mauricio Handler spent two weeks on St.

Maarten filming and recording St. The visit resulted in the making of a brief, two-minute video highlighting the beauty of nature on St. Maarten Nature both on land and below the sea. The images were recorded by the very famous Mauricio Handler and we were able to make an excellent short video. It has been our pleasure to support such a highly visible and well-made video which we hope will spur the community to take action and protect their unique environment here on Sint Maarten.

The conservation video clip will be shown in the preview section of most theatre halls at Caribbean Cinemas Megaplex for a duration of four months. The trench work will be carried out from the intersection of Pumpkin Road and Reward Road ending in the area of the LB. Scot Rd and Reward Road Intersection. Roads users must be aware that there is heavy machinery operating on this road and are advised to drive with caution.

Works are estimated to be finalized by next week Friday. MARIGOT While some of us are celebrating the thirtieth anniversary of their presence in Saint-Martin, others are lamenting the disquieting signs of a progressive, though real breakdown of relations between the collectivity, law enforcement bodies, in principle under the authority of the representative of State, and the native population of the French side of Saint-Martin.

Saint-Martin French side has regressed. Saint-Martin French side rather looks like one of these countries today where segregation and apartheid are rampant. It must be stopped by all means and by all the progress-minded, justice-loving, friendly, good people who came from Europe and the Caribbean more than thirty years ago now, in order to share with us the peaceful friendliness, the healthy freedom, and the contagious fondness that characterize our culture. That is why we will not deny our identity.

We are proud of it and we shall die for it, if necessary. It was conveyed by a few individualities, not representative of the social and economic fabric of Saint-Martin, who were able to muster the support of a portion of the audience, expressed in loud rounds of applause. Incredible but true!

Who are these people? Individualities more abstract that individuals who contest by rejecting the laws of the republic and European regulations, not representative of the economic and social fabric of Saint-Martin and an audience expressing their support with loud applause.

Where did they come from? An executive addressing citizens, furthermore landowners, with such scorn! What an excess of rhetoric!!! I was a member of the last municipal council from to , representing actively and respectfully the minority faction and I have never read this kind of rhetoric in any deliberation, although there were very heated debates during the town hall meetings concerning the change of status, when elected officials and socio professionals could not answer the questions posed.

There is no respect anymore, even for the person with a different opinion - how fortunately so! Where is democracy? What about participative democracy, advocated by the party in power? Is it a sign of executive powerlessness, to avoid ruffling the pressing ambitions of those who, in their eyes, constitute the economic and social fabric, and to denigrate the natives who are defending their landed interests?

I am afraid that such rhetoric verges on inciting to hatred. How dangerous!!! These were:. Each community organization received USD 3, to help each foundation in further achieving their goals and to increase the development of children in St. Maarten through after school activities focused on education and sports. The donations were the result of the very successful 23rd annual St.

The SMGA donated the net proceeds of the two day tournament to these charity organizations and the SMGA is hoping to add additional donations later this year. The success of the tournament was largely due to the tremendous support that the SMGA received from the Mullet Bay Golf Course, sponsors from both the local and international business community, the 97 participants from all over the World, and the numerous volunteers.

During the 2 day tournament wonderful prizes were raffled and auctioned off that helped greatly with raising extra money for the selected community organizations. From those donations, they recently built a greenhouse to educate the children on growing their own fruits and vegetables and with the funds that they received this year they are looking into the possibilities to extend their accommodation with a pergola that gives the children some shade while enjoying outdoor activities. For the LAB Sports Academy, which is led by the always enthusiastic and upbeat Les Brown, the donation will be used for additional track and field material as well as for the coverage of rental fee to use the Raoul Illidge Sports Complex.

The LAB Sports Academy organizes track and field training, swimming and outdoor sports activities at no charge for youngsters from all neighborhoods in St. The Junior Golf Foundation of St. Maarten is the organization that helps the SMGA to spread awareness of the beauty of the game of golf under the youth of St. The Junior Golf Program also teaches children some key principles of life like honesty, sportsmanship, respect and perseverance. Each of the organizations were involved during the tournament, with volunteers helping out on the course as golf marshals as well as in the hospitality area and assisting during all the activities that made the tournament such a great event.

The SMGA is a non-profit organization of avid golfers that promotes the practice of the game of golf and to foster community sense. The SMGA organizes golf matches and tournaments for its members and non-members and donates proceeds that are made through membership fees and during these events like the St. Maarten Open to multiple community organizations on the island. This campaign was generously started by Jeffrey Sochrin and Bruce Park. Interested students must be legal residents of the island and can apply by filling out the online form at the link shown above.

The applications must be submitted by July 20th and the winner will be announced on July 27th, which is the birthday of Erika Cannegieter-Smith. We are very excited about being able to do this and we hope that many students who are in need will apply. Maarten Tourist Bureau provides island tours.

Madame Dillon was much in vogue, and for this reason only she entered the Royal household and became a Dame du Palais. At that time I was seven or eight years of age. My grandmother, who was a woman of very haughty character, and of infinite ill-nature, run- ning frequently into a rage, enjoyed nevertheless the affections of her daughter.

My mother was absolutely under her contol. My grandmother had taken possession arbi- trarily de vive force of the domain of Hautefontaine, which had been purchased with the funds of her husband. Daughter of a Peer of England of slender fortune, she had received a very small inheritance.

But my mother, married at seventeen years of age to a man of eighteen, who had been brought up with her, and who had no property except his regiment, could never find the courage to talk to my grand- mother of money matters. The Queen opened her eyes to her interests and encouraged her to demand an accounting.

My grandmother was furious, and in place of maternal tenderness, became possessed of an inconceivable rage, such as you find described only in romances or tragedies. My earliest recollections are of the frightful scenes between my mother and my grandmother, which I was obliged to appear not to notice.

Reserve and discretion on my part were absolutely necessary. I contracted the habit of hiding my feelings. I re- member that I was shocked by the way in which my mother complained to her friends of my grandmother. My father naturally took the part of my mother. But I knew that he was under great pecuniary obli- gations to my uncle, the Archbishop, and his position, to me, seemed false. I never had any infancy. The only person who saved me from these bad influences, and en- couraged the thoughts of virtue in my heart, was a maid who could neither read nor write.

She was a young peasant, by the name of Marguerite, from the neighborhood of Compiegne. She was very devoted to me and remained in my service nearly all of her life. I knew that Marguerite was worthy of all con- fidence and that she would rather die than com- promise me by an indiscreet word. The manners and customs of society have changed so much since the Revolution that I wish to retrace in some detail what I recall of the mode of life of my family.

My great-uncle, the Archbishop of Narbonne, rarely visited his diocese. President, ex officio, of the States of Languedoc, he visited this province solely to preside over the meetings of the States, which were in session six weeks during the months of November and December. As soon as the meeting was over he returned to Paris, under the pretext that the interests of his province imperiously claimed his presence at the Court, but, in reality, in order to live en grand seigneur at Paris and as a courtier at Versailles.

Besides the archbishopric of Narbonne, which paid him , francs a year, he had an abbey which was worth ,; still another which was worth 90,; and he received an allowance of more than 50, francs for giving dinners every day during the meetings of the States. His style of life at Paris was noble but simple, and the daily fare, although abundant, was reasonable. At this epoch grand dinners were never given, be- cause every one dined at an early hour — at two- thirty, or three o'clock at the latest.

The ladies were sometimes coiffees, but never dressed for dinner. The men, on the contrary, were usually dressed in em- broidered or plain costumes, according to their age or taste, but almost never in evening dress or in uniform. Those who were not going out in the even- ing, and the master of the house, were in formal dress and en neglige, for the necessity of putting on a hat deranged the fragile edifice of the curled and powdered toupet.

After dinner there was general con- versation or, sometimes, a game of backgammon. The ladies then retired to dress, and the men awaited them to go to the theatre, if they were to be in the same loge. Those who remained at home received visitors during the afternoon. At nine-thirty in the evening the guests arrived for supper. The supper was the real event of the day in society. There were two kinds of suppers — those given by persons who had them every day, which permitted a certain number of persons to drop in when they wished, and the more formal affairs, which were more brilliant and more numerously attended, and to which the guests were invited.

I speak of the period of my infancy, from to I never attended one of these fine suppers, but I have often seen my mother dressing to go to one at the Hotel de Choiseul or the Palais-Royal. The costumes worn by the ladies naturally turned dancing into a kind of torture. Every one wore heels three inches high, which put the foot in an unnatural position; a pannier of heavy and stiff whalebone, ex- tending to the right and the left; a coiffure a foot high, surmounted by a bonnet called pouf, upon which feathers, flowers and diamonds were piled up, besides a pound of powder and pomade which the least movement caused to fall upon the shoulders: such a scaffolding rendered it impossible to dance with pleasure.

But at the suppers, where everybody talked or enjoyed a little music, this edifice was not disturbed. But to return to my family. We went to the country early in the spring for the whole summer. At the chateau of Hautefontaine there were twenty-five apartments for guests, and these were often filled.

The principal season, however, was during the month of October. It was then that the colonels came back from their regiments, where they had passed four months, less the number of hours necessary to return to Paris, from which city they scattered to the different chateaux to visit their families and their friends. At Hautefontaine there was a hunting establish- ment, the expense of which was divided between my uncle, the Prince de Guemene and the Due de Lauzun. The hunt was held during the summer and autumn in the forests of Compiegne and Villers-Cotterets.

At the age of seven I took part in the hunt once or twice a week, and when I was ten years old, the day of Saint-Hubert, I broke my leg. They tell me that I showed great courage and did not make a complaint, although it was necessary to carry me five leagues on a stretcher. My first visit to Versailles was at the time of the birth of the first Dauphin in October, How often the recollection of these days of splendor of Marie-Antoinette comes to my mind, when I think of the torments and ignominies of which she was afterwards the unfortunate victim.

The Queen opened the ball with a simple young guard. She was dressed in a blue gown all sprinkled with sapphires and diamonds; beautiful, young, adored by all, having just given a Dauphin to France, not dreaming of the possibility of a backward step in her brilliant career, she was already on the edge of the abyss.

I shall not undertake to describe the intrigues of the Court, which my great youth prevented me from judging or even comprehending. Her sister-in-law, the Comtesse Diane de Polignac, who was older and very intrigante, advised her as to the means of secur- ing the royal favor.

I recall that Monsieur de Gue- mene endeavored to warn my mother of this grow- ing favor of Mme. She felt that she was already attacked by the malady from which she was to perish less than two years later. At this time my father was in America, at the head of the first battalion of his regiment. The Dillon Regiment had entered the service of France in , at the time that James II had lost all hope of re- mounting the throne, after the battle of the Boyne.

The regiment was commanded at that time by my great-grandfather, Arthur Dillon. MY mother had always been delicate since the birth of her son, who died at the age of two years. She did not take any care of her health. She rode horseback, hunted the stag, and sang with the celebrated Piccini, who was a great admirer of her voice. Finally, about the month of April, , at the age of thirty-one, she had a hemorrhage. My grandmother, who did not wish to believe in the sickness of her daughter, was at last forced to admit that she was seriously ill.

My mother consulted a physician who then enjoyed a great deal of ce- lebrity, and he ordered her to go to Spa. It would be difficult to describe the inconceivable rage of my grandmother at the idea that her daughter was going to the springs. She did not wish to accompany her there and refused her money for the journey. We set out from Hautefontaine for Brussels, where we passed a month.

He resided at Brussels, as he was not able to live in England on account of his numerous debts. At this time he was still a Catholic. It was only later that he had the unpardon- able feebleness to change his religion and become a Protestant, in order to inherit from his maternal great-uncle, Lord Lichfield, who made this a condi- tion of his heritage of 15, pounds sterling.

Lady Charles Dillon was very beautiful. The year before, she had visited Paris with Lady Kenmare, my father's sister, who was also a great beauty. She went to the Queen's Ball with my mother, and the three sisters-in-law were generally admired. A year had hardly passed before they were in their tombs. All three died at an interval of one week. As I have already said, I did not have any in- fancy. At twelve years of age my education was al- ready far advanced.

I had read much, but without discrimination. From the age of seven I had been given an instructor. He was an organist of Beziers, named Combes. He was engaged to give me lessons on the clavecin, for at that time pianos were very rare. My mother had one to accompany her voice, but I was not permitted to touch it.

I had always had a great desire to improve my mind. I wished to know everything, from the cuisine to experiments in chemistry, which I made with a little apothecary who lived at Hautefontaine. At eleven years of age, my mother, finding that I was not speaking English as well as formerly, engaged for me an English maid who was expressly brought over from England.

Her arrival caused me great chagrin, as I was separated from my former maid, Marguerite. Returning to my story. At Brussels we stayed in the house of my aunt. She was in the last stages of consumption, but the disease had not impaired her beauty, which was really heavenly. She had two charming children — a boy of four, who afterwards became Viscount Dillon, and a girl who later became the wife of Sir Thomas Webb. I had a great deal of fun with these children. My greatest pleasure was to care for them and to put them to sleep.

I already had the maternal instinct. I felt that these poor children would soon be deprived of their mother. I did not realize that I myself was so near the same misfortune. While my mother was talking with the Archduchess, they showed me a cabinet in which there were portfolios of prints. I have often thought since that this was the beginning of that superb collection of engravings, the finest in Europe, which Duke Albert left to the Archduke Charles.

It was at Spa that I en- joyed for the first time the dangerous poison of praise and success. The days that there were dances at the Assembly Room, my mother took me there, and the dancing of the petite jranqaise soon became one of the curiosities of Spa.

The Comte and Comtesse du Nord had just ar- rived from the interior of Russia, and they had never seen a girl of twelve years dance the gavotte and the minuet. This same princess later became the second wife of the Emperor Paul the First of Russia, and thirty-seven years later, when she met me again as a grave mother of a family, she had not forgotten the little girl of other days.

At that time she said many pleasant things regarding the recollections which she had preserved of my grace and, above all, of my beautiful figure. However, the waters of Spa shortened the days of my poor mother. Nevertheless, she disliked to return to Hautefontaine, as she was certain that she would be greeted there by my grandmother, as usual, with scenes of ill-nature. But my mother had the thought, common to all those who are attacked by this cruel malady of the chest, that she should have a change of air.

She wished to go to Italy, and asked first to return to Paris. My grandmother consented, and then for the first time fully realized the unfortunate state of her daughter. During her last moments my mother was well cared for. The Queen came to see her, and every day a groom or a page was sent from Versailles to inquire regarding her.

She grew feebler from day to day. In writing these lines, after forty-five years, I still have a feeling of regret that nobody spoke of the sacraments of the Church, or thought of sending for a priest. In this house of an Archbishop there was not even a chaplain. My mother did not realize that the end was so near. The yth of September, , she died in the arms of my maid. A good old friend of my mother's, Mme. Nagle, brought me the sad news. In the morning I awoke to find her beside my bed.

She told me that my grand- mother had left the house, and that I should get up and follow her, and ask for her protection and care; that now I depended on her for my future. She said that my grandmother was on bad terms with my father, who was then in America, and that she might disinherit me. My young heart, which was nearly broken, revolted at the idea of this dissimulation, and the good lady had much trouble in persuading me to allow her to take me to my grandmother.

At last I consented, and, as I expected, my grandmother made a great scene of despair, which produced a most painful impression upon me. After the death of my mother, my grandmother and my uncle went in the month of October, , to Hautefontaine and took me with them, as well as my instructor Monsieur Combes, who occupied him- self exclusively with my education. It was a beautiful estate, all en domaines, about twenty-two leagues from Paris, between Villers-Cotterets and Soissons.

The chateau, built towards the beginning of the previous century, was situated upon a very steep hill. It over- looked a fertile little valley, or rather gorge, opening out upon the forest of Compiegne, which formed an amphitheatre at the back of the picture. Prairies, woods, ponds of clear water filled with fish, were situated beyond a fine kitchen garden, which you overlooked from the windows of the chateau.

The chateau itself, although it had no architectural beauty, was convenient, vast, perfectly furnished and well cared for in every detail. My uncle, my grandmother and my mother had accompanied my father as far as Brest when he em- barked in for the war in the Antilles. On his return my uncle bought at Lorient the whole cargo of a vessel just arrived from India, consisting of Chinese and Japanese porcelains, and Persian cloth of all colors for the hangings of our apartments.

All these riches were unpacked, to my great joy, and arranged in the large garde-meubles, where the old concierge let me roam with my maid when the weather did not permit me to go out. During the life of my mother the residence at Hautefontaine had been very brilliant, but after her death all this was completely changed. My grand- mother had taken possession, in the absence of my father, of all of my mother's papers, and of all of the correspondence which she had preserved.

She was only fifteen years of age when she lost her father, General de Rothe, who died suddenly at Hautefontaine, only a short time after purchasing this property. He had bought the chateau in the name of his wife, under the pretext that it was paid for exclusively with the funds — 10, pounds sterling — given as a dot to my grandmother by her father, Lord Falkland. Another relative had left him, at Paris, the house in which we lived, Rue du Bac, and 4, livres of rentes upon the Hotel de Ville of Paris.

These two investments were the only ones which remained at the death of Monsieur de Rothe, when my mother came into possession. My great-uncle, the Archbishop, had lived in the house in the Rue du Bac for twenty years without paying a sou of rent to his niece and without even paying for the repairs.

When he left the house after the death of my mother and leased another, he borrowed 40, francs on mortgage and used the money for repairs which were urgently necessary. I did not know anything about this debt, which I was obliged to pay myself when I sold the house in Necker, and the 4, francs of income spoken of above. I had no expecta- tions from my father. He had already spent the portion of 10, pounds sterling which he had in- herited with the Dillon Regiment, of which he was proprietaire-ne, as heir of his uncles James and Edward, who were killed within two years of each other.

Towards the end of the autumn of , my uncle set out as usual for Montpellier to preside over the States of Languedoc. As Archbishop of Narbonne, he had this prerogative, which he exercised over the period of twenty-eight years. My grandmother and I remained at Hautefontaine, where we were very lonely. When my grandmother found herself alone at Hautefontaine, in that grand chateau formerly so animated and brilliant; when she saw the empty stables ; when she no longer heard the baying of the hounds and the horns of the hunters, she became desirous of changing her mode of life and of persuading the Archbishop to do the same.

When the Archbishop returned from Montpellier, where he had remained only the time absolutely necessary for the meeting of the States, we went to meet him at Paris. My father at that time was Governor of the island of Saint-Christophe, which he had captured during the expedition in which his regi- ment had gloriously contributed to the success of the French forces. In his absence my guardians repre- sented to my great-uncle that he should no longer continue to live in my house without paying any rent or even looking after the repairs.

About this same time my grandmother, who was tired of Hautefontaine, bought, for 52, francs, a house at Montfermeil, near Livry, about five leagues from Paris. The price was very moderate, for the land comprised ninety acres. The house, which was in a charming situation, was named Folie-Joyeuse. It had been built by a Monsieur de Joyeuse, who had begun the construction where one ordinarily leaves off. After having laid out a fine court, enclosed by a railing, he built, at the right and left, two wings terminated by two handsome square pavilions.

He had then found himself short of the money necessary to build the body of the house, so that the only communication between the two pavilions was by a corridor at least one hundred feet long. His creditors had then seized the house. The park was beautiful, surrounded by walls, with every path terminating at a gate, and all the outlets opening on the forest of Bondy, which was charming in this locality.

The first year no repairs were made, but we passed the summer in laying out plans with architects and decorators, which interested me very much. IN the month of November, , I learned that my grandmother would accompany my uncle, the Archbishop, to the meeting of the States of Languedoc. This news caused me great joy. At this time the annual session of the States was a very brilliant occasion. Peace had just been concluded, and the English, deprived for three years of the possi- bility of travelling on the Continent, came over in crowds, as they did later in At that time people did not travel so much in Italy.

The fine roads by Mt. Cenis and the Simplon, and the magnificent route by the Corniche, constructed during the reign of Napoleon, were not then in existence. The climate of the south of France, especially that of Languedoc and Montpellier, was very attractive. The thought of this journey, practically the first I had ever taken, filled me with joy. We set out in a large berline with six horses. My uncle and my grandmother were seated in the back, with myself and the secretary of my uncle facing them, and two domestics upon the box seat in front.

The second berline, also with six horses, carried our two maids and two valets, with two servants upon the box seat. A chaise de poste brought the maitre d'hotel and the chef. There were also three couriers, one of whom went a half-hour ahead, while the other two accompanied the carriages. Monsieur Combes, my instructor, left several days before us by diligence.

Every year the Ministers kept my great-uncle so long at Versailles that he had hardly sufficient time to arrive at Montpellier by the day fixed for the opening of the States. The session could not com- mence until the Archbishop of Narbonne, who was President, ex officio, was present.

The delay caused by the Ministers obliged us to travel as fast as possible — a very disagreeable ne- cessity at this advanced season of the year. As we needed eighteen horses, the order of the Administra- tion des Posies preceded us by several days, in order that the horses might be ready.

We made very long daily trips. Setting out at four o'clock in the morn- ing, we stopped only for dinner. The chaise de poste and the first courier had preceded us by an hour. This arrangement permitted us to find the table ready, the fires lighted, and several good dishes prepared by our chef when we arrived. As soon as we arrived, the chaise de poste and the first courier set out, so that when we halted for the night we found every- thing ready for us the same as at noon.

At that time the route, which followed the course of the Rhone as far as Pont-Saint-Esprit, was in such bad order that you ran the risk of being overturned at every moment. It gave me great pleasure to see the guide-post upon which was painted the tiara and the keys. I felt as though we were entering Italy. We left the highway to Marseille and followed an excellent road, which the Papal Government had permitted the States of Languedoc to construct, and which led directly to Pont-Saint- Esprit.

At La Palud my uncle changed his costume. He put on a wadded costume of violet cloth, lined with silk of the same color; silk stockings, also violet in color; shoes with gold buckles; his cordon bleu, and a three-cornered priest's hat ornamented with gold tassels. As soon as the carriage had passed the last arch of the bridge at Pont-Saint-Esprit, the cannon of the little citadel at this bridge-head fired twenty-one shots.

If it was not raining, my uncle de- scended while they attached the eight horses destined for his carriage. He listened to the harangues which they addressed to him, and replied with affability and incomparable grace. He was very tall, with a noble face, and a voice and air at the same time gracious and assured. He asked for information regarding everything which might interest the inhabitants; listened to the peti- tions which were addressed to him ; and the following year he still remembered the requests which had been made of him the preceding year.

All this lasted about a quarter of an hour, after which we set out like the wind, for not only had the postilions been doubled, but the honor of conducting the carriage of so great a personage was warmly appreciated. In the eyes of the inhabitants of Languedoc the President of the States was a much greater man than the King.

My uncle was extremely popular. Although he was very haughty, his arrogance was never shown except to those who were, or who thought they were, his superiors. We spent the night at Nimes, where my uncle always had business. One year we spent several days with the Archbishop, which gave me the time to see the antiquities, although the monuments were not as well cared for as at present.

They had just com- menced to clear up the Arenes and had brought to light several new inscriptions. Finally we arrived at Montpellier. We crossed superb bridges perfectly constructed. We traversed cities flourishing with industry and a country which was well cultivated. The contrast was very striking.

The house in which we lived at Montpellier was large and beautiful but very dismal. It was situated in a narrow and sombre street. My uncle rented it all furnished. The apartment which he occupied on the first floor contained very fine Turkish rugs, which were common in Languedoc at that time. The house surrounded the four sides of a square court, one side of which was taken up by the large dining-room, another by a salon of the same dimensions, with six windows, which was hung and furnished in fine crimson damask, with an immense chimney of very ancient design, which to-day would be much admired.

My grandmother and I occupied the lower floor, which was dark even at three o'clock in the afternoon. We never saw my uncle in the morning. We took breakfast at nine o'clock, after which I went out for a walk with my English maid. At three o'clock precisely, it was necessary to be dressed and ready for dinner.

We ascended to the salon where we found fifty guests assembled every day except Friday. Saturday my uncle always dined abroad, either with the Bishop or with some great personage of the States. There were never any ladies present at dinner, except my grandmother and myself. Between us were placed the guests most highly regarded. At that time every person who had a presentable domestic was served by him at table. Neither carafes nor glasses were placed upon the table.

At the large dinners, there were placed upon the buffet silver buckets containing bottles of wine and a glass-stand with a dozen glasses, and any one who wished a glass of wine of any kind sent his servant to obtain it. I had a servant attached to my person who was at the same time my coiffeur.

He wore my livery, which we were obliged to have in red, although in England it was blue, because our stripes were exactly the same as those of the House of Bourbon. If our costumes had been blue, our livery would have been exactly the same as the King's, which was not allowed. After dinner, which never lasted more than one hour, we returned to the salon which was filled with members of the States who had come for coffee.

No- body sat down, and at the end of a half-hour my grandmother and I descended to our apartment. We then frequently went out to make visits in a chaise a porteurs, which was the only means of trans- portation used in the streets of Montpellier. The fine quarter of the city, which has been built since, was not in existence at that epoch. On our arrival at Paris, at the beginning of , my father had returned from America.

He had been Governor of Saint-Christophe until peace had been declared. She was very agreeable and very rich. Her mother, Mme. At this time she had recently married her daughter to Vicomte de Beauharnais, who had taken her with him to France. My father followed them to France, and at this time people began to talk of their marriage. On hearing the news, my grandmother flew into a rage, and nobody could calm her.

Never- theless, it was very natural that my father should wish to marry again, in the hope of having a son. He was only thirty-three years of age and was proprietaire of one of the finest regiments of the army. Conducted to France by his grandfather, Arthur Dillon, this regiment had never changed its name, like the other regiments of the Irish Brigade. Without doubt, it would have been better if he had chosen for his new wife the daughter of one of the titled Catholic families of England, but he did not like the English, and he did love Mme.

Of a very sweet and amiable character, although feeble, she had the careless and easy-going ways of the Creoles. The marriage took place, in spite of my grand- mother, who made a great fuss. She declared that if I ever went out of the house, even for an hour, to visit Mme.

Dillon, I should never come back. The only visit that I ever made to my stepmother was in , when my father left to take the position of Governor of the island of Tab ago. My father was very much dissatisfied because he had not been named Governor of Martinique or of Saint-Domingue, as he had acquired the right to de- mand one or the other of these two posts. During the war he had won the greatest distinction. His regiment had carried off the first success of the cam- paign by taking by assault the island of Grenade of which the Governor, Lord Macartney, was his prisoner.

He had also powerfully contributed to the capture of the islands of Saint-Eustache and Saint- Christophe. He was Governor of this last named island for two years. When he turned it over to the English, at the time of the peace of , the in- habitants gave him many evidences of their esteem and appreciation, of which the echoes reached even to England.

My father received the most flattering evidences of this feeling at the time of his visit to England on his return to Europe. My uncle, the Archbishop, dominated and in- fluenced by my grandmother, instead of lending his support to his nephew to aid him to obtain one of these two governorships of Martinique or Saint- Domingue, did not assist him in any way.

My father, therefore, accepted the governorship of Tabago, where he resided until he was elected Deputy of Martinique to the States-General. He also took with him as recorder of the island, my instructor, Monsieur Combes. Before his departure, my father talked with my grandmother of a project which he wished strongly to see carried out. He had known at Martinique, during the war, a young man who was aide de camp to the Marquis de Bouille, whom the latter liked extremely, and whom my father also highly appreci- ated.

My grandmother objected, without giving the matter much consideration, although the young man was of high birth and would be the head of his house, under the pretext that he was a mauvais sujet, that he had many debts and that he was small and homely. I was so young that my father did not insist. He sent my uncle, the Archbishop, a procura- tion which gave him the power to arrange my mar- riage when he judged that the time had arrived.

However, I often thought of the parti whom my father had proposed and searched for information regarding the young man. My cousin, Dominique Sheldon, brought up by my grandmother, and who lived with us, knew him and often spoke to me of him. I learned that he had had indeed a very lively youth, and I made up my mind no longer to think of him. In our sojourn in Languedoc was much longer than usual. After the session of the States we went to pass nearly a month at Alais, with the amiable Bishop, who was later Cardinal de Bausset of that city.

This trip interested me very much. This little city, situated in a charming valley, surrounded by a beautiful prairie sprinkled with very old chestnut trees, is in the midst of the Cevennes. Every day we made some excursions which were really charming. The young people of the country had formed a mounted guard of honor for my uncle. They had adopted the English uniform of the Dillons, red with yellow facings.

They all belonged to the best families of the country. To my great regret we set out to pass two months at Narbonne, where I had never been. As I liked to be informed regarding all matters of interest in the places which I visited, I began to look up the histories of Narbonne from the time of Caesar to that of Cardinal de Richelieu, who had formerly occupied the archiepiscopal chateau, which was similar to a strong- hold of the middle ages. From Narbonne, we went to Toulouse, by way of Saint-Papoul, where we remained several days.

From there we went to Bordeaux, where we made a visit of seventeen days with the Archbishop. I cannot say why Bordeaux interested me more than the other cities which we had visited. Here we saw Mme. Dillon, mother of all those Dillons who have always pretended, but wrongly, to be our relatives. However this may be, this Dillon had no success in business, and, having raised a certain sum of money, came to establish himself at Bordeaux, where he entered into commerce.

His wife was a woman of extraordinary beauty, well known throughout the province. Her husband died leaving her with twelve children and with very little fortune, but possessed of great charms and much courage. Marechal de Richelieu befriended her and recom- mended her to my uncle at the time of one of his trips to Bordeaux.

My uncle promised to look after her children and kept his word. The three eldest, who were rather beautiful girls, made very favorable marriages. The nine sons, who were without excep- tion fine fellows, all had most honorable careers. At Bordeaux, several days before my departure, my servant when dressing my hair asked my permission to go that evening to a chateau situated at a short distance, to see some old comrades.

He rejoined our carriages at the passage of the Dordogne, at Cubzac, not far from the chateau which he had visited. I asked the name of the place, and he told me it was called Le Bouilh, and that it belonged to the Comte de La Tour du Pin. His son was the young man whom my father had wished me to marry and whom my grandmother had refused. I asked my servant regarding the position of the chateau and learned with regret that it could not be seen from the high- way.

I took good care, however, not to communicate these reflections to my grandmother, who would not have received them with pleasure. Nevertheless, they remained in the back of my head. He had just become the head of his family by the death of his brother, who left a widow twenty years of age, but no children. The Duchesse de Laval, the mother of Adrien, had been a great friend of my mother's.

She was very desirous of seeing this mar- riage brought about, and it was equally agreeable to me. The name of Laval-Montmorency sounded very agreeably in my aristocratic ears. Young Laval had left the Seminaire to enter the Army at the death of his brother. Our fathers were also closely associ- ated, but the principal reason which led me to wish this marriage was that I would be able to leave the house of my grandmother.

I was no longer a child. With my grandmother I led a wretched life. I was very miserable and ardently desired to end this unhappy position. Nevertheless, being in the habit of reflecting upon my fate, I had resolved never to accept, out of spite, a marriage which would not be en rapport with my situation in the world. I was considered to be the sole heir of my grand- mother, who had the reputation of being rich, and was so in reality.

The fine estate of Hautefontaine, situated about twenty-two leagues from Paris, with a revenue of 50, francs from the farms, without counting the woods, the lakes and the fields ; a pretty house which she had just purchased about five leagues from Paris, and where my uncle was making ex- tensive repairs; with rentes upon the Hotel de Ville of Paris which she should give me at the time of my marriage ; an immense amount of personal property — all this was assured to me, since my grandmother was sixty years of age when I was sixteen.

Who would ever have suspected that my uncle, with over , francs of income, was in financial difficulties and had persuaded my grandmother to borrow, in order to come to his rescue? All the men who wished to marry me were blinded by these fine appearances. It was also known that, at the time of my marriage, I would have the position of Dame du Palais of the Queen.

This, at that time, weighed heavily in the balance in the grand monde. Eire a la Cour sounded very fine. The Dames du Palais were only twelve in number. My mother had been one, because the Queen personally loved her tenderly; [32]. Of the three regiments of the Irish Brigade, Dillon and Berwick were the only ones which had preserved their names. I remember that when Monsieur Walsh was named Colonel of the regiment which took his name, Monsieur de Fitz-James and my father showed a great deal of discontent, on the pretext that he did not belong to any great Irish or English family.

But her husband, the third Due de Fitz-James, who was the grandson of Marechal de Berwick, and the son of the second Due, who had also been Marechal de France, enjoyed a very mediocre military reputation, while my father had greatly distinguished himself during the war which had just finished. At the age of twenty-seven he had been named Brigadier, a grade since suppressed, which represented the rank intermediate between the grade of Colonel and that of Lieutenant-General.

To return to myself. I was then what would be called from every point of view a good match, and since I am on the subject of my personal advantages, I think this is the place to trace my portrait. It will not be very attractive on paper, because I owed my reputation for beauty only to my figure, my general appearance, and not at all to my features. My finest feature was my mouth, with very fresh lips, chiselled like those of an antique statue, and beautiful teeth which I have preserved intact at the age of seventy- one.

It was said that my face was agreeable, that I had a gracious smile, and, notwithstanding all this, I could be considered plain. However, a large and beau- tiful figure and a clear and transparent complexion, with a great deal of color, gave me a marked superi- ority in all gatherings, especially by day, and it was certain that I outshone many women apparently endowed with superior advantages.

At the State dinners given frequently by my uncle during the summers that we passed at Paris, I often saw Marechal de Biron, the last grand seigneur of the time of Louis XIV. Although he was eighty- five years of age, while I was only fifteen, he had taken a great fancy to me.

He had me seated at table beside him, and had the kindness to talk with me. At Paris he had a large and beautiful mansion, now that of the Sacre-Coeur, with a splendid garden of three or four acres where there were hothouses filled with rare plants. It was considered a particular honor to be received at his house. One day in speaking with my uncle, he said : "If I should have the misfortune to lose Mme.

His wife survived him and perished upon the scaffold with her niece, the Duchesse de Biron. The Marechal died in or and had a magnificent funeral. It was the last splendor of the Monarchy. My marriage with Adrien de Laval fell through, because the Marechal de Laval, his grandfather, chose for his wife Mile, de Luxembourg.

He married her when he was almost a child and when she herself was hardly eighteen years of age. I regretted this on account of the name. My grandmother then proposed to me the name of the Vicomte de Fleury, with whom I did not wish to have anything to do. His reputation was bad. He had neither esprit nor distinction, and he also be- longed to the younger branch of a house without any great reputation. I therefore refused him. The next candidate was Esperance de L'Aigle, of whom I had seen a great deal during our youth.

I did not think that his name was sufficiently illustrious. My decision was perhaps unreasonable, as he was really a very good match. We belonged to the same circle in society. The estate of his father was situated only six or seven leagues from Hautefontaine. All these facts were in favor of our union. Nevertheless, I refused him. Marriages are made in Heaven. I knew that he was small and plain ; that he gambled and contracted debts. Nevertheless, my resolution was made. I told my cousin Sheldon that I would marry no one else.

He attempted, but without success, to reason me out of what he called my folly. In the month of November, , we were just about to set out for Languedoc when one morning my grandmother said: "This Monsieur de Gouvernet continues to come back with his proposals of marriage. He is a man who enjoys the highest consideration in the Army. The Queen herself desires it, for the Princesse d'Henin, the daughter of Mme.

Therefore think and decide about it. I do not ask for anything better. She hoped, I think, that I would refuse him. She could not con- ceive why I should prefer him to Monsieur de L'Aigle. In reality, I could not have told why myself. It was an instinct, an impulse coming from Heaven. God had destined me for him. We set out for Montpellier without any further talk on the subject of this marriage. One morning my grandmother informed me that my uncle had received a charming letter from Mme.

This was the first time that I had heard of this family trouble. Although they did not live together, they were not legally separated, as the family had wished to avoid scandal on account of the Princesse d'Henin, the sister of Mme. The Marquise de Monconseil was then eighty-five years of age, but was still considered beautiful. Her husband, who was an officer, like nearly all the gentlemen of that epoch, had married her very young. He had been a page of Louis XIV and had had a very lively and dissipated youth.

At the age of forty, Monsieur de Monconseil left the service and retired to his estate of Tesson in Saintonge. Here he spent most of his life until his death at the age of ninety. He had a fine house at Saintes, where he passed three months during the winter. The rest of the year he lived at Tesson where he himself had laid out and planted the park and gardens.

Occasionally, he went to Paris to see his wife, who had a very fine mansion. He was very fond of his grandson, who frequently visited him at Tesson. Nevertheless, I was very desirous of returning to Paris where my fate was to be decided. We set out sooner than I had expected. My uncle had promised this year to visit Marseille and Toulon before our return to Paris. I was rejoicing at this arrangement, when a courier arrived with the news of the convocation of the first assembly of the Notables, of which my uncle was a member.

It was necessary, therefore, to set out for Paris the day after the closing of the session of the States and to give up our visit to Marseille and Toulon. We always found our house ready for us, as though we had not left it at all. The evening of our arrival there were several visitors, among whom was a fat German named Comte de Bentheim, whose wife was a friend of my grandmother's.

My uncle at once asked him the news of Paris. He replied: "Mme. For several days I heard nothing except conversation regarding the death of this Mme. Monsieur de Gouvernet, in the absence of his father, took occasion at once to notify my uncle that the loss of his grandmother would in no way change his desire for his union with our family. He demanded permission of my uncle to go to his father and tell him personally that his demand for my hand would be satisfactory to me and my family.

Upon the affirmative response of my great-uncle, he im- mediately set out for Bordeaux. Before the week was over he had returned from Le Bouilh where he had talked with his father and had arranged to have him write a letter to make a formal demand for my hand.

It was settled that he should present himself the following morning at my grandmother's house, but that he was not to see me until after the articles were signed, which was the usage at that time. He remained a quarter of an hour, and it was arranged that the articles should be signed as soon as they could be drawn up by the notary. The arrangements were not terminated before the end of the week, and in the meantime Mme. She asked to see me, as I had expected. I was so much afraid of this grande dame, so elegant and imposing, who was going to examine me from head to foot, that I could hardly control myself on entering the room.

She took my hand and kissed me and then exclaimed: "Ah! Elle est charmante. Mon neveu est bien heureux! It was not customary for the young lady to be present at the reading of the articles, but as soon as this was over, I was sent for. I was placed beside Mme. My toilette was very simple. I had requested my grandmother to let me order it myself. At that time the gowns which were worn were laced behind and plainly indicated the figure.

They were therefore called "sheaths" jourreaux. My robe was of white gauze, without any ornaments, with a sash of dark blue ribbon with fringed ends of brilliant English silk. My grandmother and I remained at Paris, but every day at one-thirty we set out for Versailles where we arrived for dinner at three o'clock. Monsieur de Gouvernet had presented to my uncle his brother-in-law, the Marquis de Lameth, and two brothers of the latter, Charles and Alexandre.

The fourth brother, Theodore, whom I knew later, was not there at the time. Finally the meeting of the Notables ended, and my uncle returned to Paris, where the day of the signa- ture of the contract was arranged for the first of May. I do not now recall the details of my toilette, but I think that it must have been rose or blue, for the white robe was reserved for the day of marriage.

A few days previously I had made the acquaint- ance of my future father-in-law, the Comte de La Tour du Pin. He was a little man but very erect, very well built and had been handsome in his youth. He had admirable teeth, fine eyes, an air of assurance and a charming smile. He had served during the Seven Years' War as Colonel of the Regiment called les Grenadiers de France, which was composed of the elite of all the other regiments. The Queen, who approved of my marriage, ex- pressed the desire to see me and asked my uncle to bring me to her, together with Mme.

She kissed me and I kissed her hand. She made me sit down beside her and asked me a thousand questions regarding my education and so on, but I was too embarrassed to reply. Finally, tak- ing pity upon my diffidence, the Queen talked with my uncle and Mme.

I am afraid that my timidity made an unfavorable impression on the Queen, which was perhaps never effaced. We went to Montfermeil about the eighth or tenth of the month of May, As it was not the etiquette of the time for the futur to sleep under the same roof with the young lady whom he was to marry, Monsieur de Gouvernet came every day from Paris for dinner and remained until after supper.

In the vast wardrobes had been brought together the fine trousseau which my grandmother had given me, the price of which exceeded 45,0x30 francs. It was composed of linens, laces, and muslin dresses. There was not a single silk dress. The corbeille, which had been given me by Monsieur de Gouvernet, com- prised jewels, ribbons, flowers, feathers and so on.

The present of Mme. I think that this gave me more pleasure than anything else. My grandfather, Vis- count Dillon, sent me a pair of ear-rings which cost 10, francs. I had also received from Monsieur de Gouvernet a fine collection of English and Italian books; also of English engravings, for which I was very grateful.

I WOULD like to have the power of depicting the manners of the times of my youth, of which many details have escaped my memory, and the occasion of this marriage in high society, at which figured so many personages, men and women. The day of my marriage everybody was present in the salon at noon. The company was composed, on my side, of my grandmother, Mme. This was all of my family. At the age of sixteen years he entered the military service as a Second Lieutenant of Artillery, and two years later was promoted to be Captain of Cavalry.

In he was appointed aide de camp of the Marquis de Bouille, Governor of the Antilles, and served under his orders during the last three years of the war in America. During his absence he was promoted to be Colonel en Second of the Royal- Comtois-Infanterie, and was still serving with this regiment at the time of our marriage, 21 May The family of Monsieur de Gouvernet was com- posed of his father and mother; of his uncle, TAbbe de Gouvernet ; of his sister, the Marquise de Lameth ; of her husband and his three brothers, Charles, Alexandre and Theodore de Lameth; also of Mme.

In going to the chapel, we passed through the court. I walked first, giving my hand to my cousin, young Jerningham. My grandmother followed with Monsieur de Gouvernet, and the rest in order. At the altar we found my uncle and the Archbishop of Paris. After a low mass which was said by the Cure of Montfermeil, my uncle gave us the nuptial bene- diction after having pronounced a very fine discourse.

All the ladies then embraced me in the order of relationship and age. This custom was very expensive. Let us not forget the toilette of the bride, which was very simple. I had a dress of white crepe, trimmed with Brussels lace. As veils were not then in vogue, I wore pinners, that is to say, a head-dress having long flaps hanging down the sides of my cheeks. I had a sprig of orange blossoms on my head and a bouquet at my side. For the dinner, which was not served until four o'clock, I put on a pretty toque, with white plumes, to which was attached the sprig of orange blossoms.

In the evening a fine concert ended the day. The following day the greater part of the guests left us. I was married on Monday, and the next day Mme. I therefore set out the following morning for Paris in company with my aunt, Mme. You cannot imagine anything more ridiculous than this rehearsal of the presenta- tion.

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