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An indirect currency quote expresses the amount of foreign currency per unit of domestic currency. The currency to the left of the slash is called the base currency and the currency to the right of the slash is called, the counter currency , or quoted currency. Consider the Canadian dollar. This represents a direct quotation, since it expresses the amount of domestic currency CAD per unit of the foreign currency USD. Next, consider the British pound. This represents an indirect quotation since it expresses the amount of foreign currency USD per unit of domestic currency GBP.
When dealing with currency exchange rates, it's important to have an understanding of how currencies are quoted. Suppose there is a Canadian resident who is traveling to Europe and needs euros. The calculation would be different if both currencies were quoted in direct form. In general, dealers in most countries will display exchange rates in direct form, or the amount of domestic currency required to buy one unit of a foreign currency.
When dealing with cross currencies , first establish whether the two currencies in the transaction are generally quoted in direct form or indirect form. If both currencies are quoted in direct form, the approximate cross-currency rate would be calculated by dividing "Currency A" by "Currency B. If one currency is quoted in direct form and the other in indirect form, the approximate cross-currency rate would be "Currency A" multiplied by "Currency B.
When you calculate a currency rate, you can also establish the spread, or the difference between the bid and ask price for a currency. More importantly, you can determine how large the spread is. If you decide to make the transaction, you can shop around for the best rate. Rates can vary between dealers in the same city. Spending a few minutes online comparing the various exchange rates can potentially save you 0. Airport kiosks have the worst exchange rates, with extremely wide bid-ask spreads.
It may be preferable to carry a small amount of foreign currency for your immediate needs and exchange bigger amounts at banks or dealers in the city. Some dealers will automatically improve the posted rate for larger amounts, but others may not do so unless you specifically request a rate improvement. If the spread is too wide, consider taking your business to another dealer.
Wide spreads are the bane of the retail currency exchange market. However, you can mitigate the impact of these wide spreads by researching the best rates, foregoing airport currency kiosks and asking for better rates for larger amounts.
Options and Derivatives. Your Money. Personal Finance. Your Practice. Popular Courses. It should be noted that all "points" are Bid points. Additional info can be found here. The question is very relevant for low volume trading. Whereas for high volume trading the trades as well as the spread between the bids and asks would be fairly close.
But, for trading purposes, each of these terms have definitions, and they are each based on executed trades, not the order book ie. Sign up to join this community. The best answers are voted up and rise to the top. Stack Overflow for Teams — Start collaborating and sharing organizational knowledge.
Create a free Team Why Teams? Learn more. OHLC chart, is it graphed on bid prices, ask prices or executed trades? Ask Question. Asked 8 years, 7 months ago. Modified 1 year, 8 months ago. Viewed 4k times. Quick question, as not too sure how to best approach this. To draw an OHLC chart, would I: a Base calculation entirely on observed bid prices over a time period highest bid, lowest bid, and last bid during that period b Base calculation entirely on observed ask prices over a time period c Base the OHLC chart on executed trades at price x doing the time period?
Best regards,. Improve this question. Add a comment. Sorted by: Reset to default. Highest score default Date modified newest first Date created oldest first. The Open - is the first traded price for the period. The High - is the highest traded price for the period. The Low - is the lowest traded price for the period. The Close - is the last traded price for the period.
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